Tuesday, October 13, 2009

pertemuan bersama PM Dr. Nor Tjahjadi tersayang..


Pertemuan yang julung-julung kali dibuat ini adalah bertujuan untuk mempersembahkan pokok cili tanaman kami sendiri dan juga bertujuan untuk mengeratkan hubungan silatulrahim diantara kami dan Dr juga diantara Malaysia dan Indonesia..
(berkata dalam nada bersungguh-sungguh...)
2,3 kucing berlari,
4,5 budak mengaji,
2,3 boleh dicari,
mane nak sama dengan PM Dr. Nor Tijahjadi...
p/s: khas buat Dr..

LET'S LEARN HOW TO GROW A CHILI TREE

What is meaning by organic fertilizer.....



Difference between organic and inorganic fertilizer

Advantages of composting



How to compost chili tree???


Let's see the ingredients first.....


Now, we are going to plant the chili tree!!!





At last....



Monday, October 12, 2009

ENVIRONMENTAL DAY



DATE: 12-15 OCTOBER 2009

DATANGLAH BERAMAI-RAMAI

SAVE EARTH. SAVE THE WORLD

POEM

The earth is full of so much gloom,
causing the feeling of impending doom.
Weakening the knees with strength that caves,
because of the floods, quakes, and massive waves.
Violent storms and tornadoes fierce,
and every sense of peace these terrors pierce.
Knowing full well it is but a taste,
a warning that there's no time to waste.
For I know its brewing a great and mighty force,
because to cleanse itself is just natures course.
And things look bleak and the future grim,
and afraid I am for chances seem slim.

Tuesday, October 6, 2009

IMPORTANT DATE FOR OUR ENVIRONMENT!!!!


Days


• World Wetlands Day - February 2

• National Biodiesel Day [1] - March 18

• UN World Day for Water - March 22

• Earth Day - April 22

• Arbor Day - Last Friday in April (each state also has its own observation based on best tree planting time)

• International Migratory Bird Day - May 3

• International Day for Biological Diversity (World Biodiversity Day) - May 22

• Bike-to-Work Day - Third Friday in May

• UN World Environment Day - June 5

• UN World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought - June 17

• UN World Population Day - July 11

• International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer - September 16

• Zero Emissions Day - September 21

• Car Free Day - September 22

• Ecological Debt Day (Earth Overshoot Day) - September 23 in 2008, but receding

• UN World Habitat Day - first Monday in October

• International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction - second Wednesday in October

• International Day of Climate Action - October 24

• International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict - November 6

• International Mountain Day - December 11

• Ozone Action Day - at certain times during the summer months

• eDay - variable date



Weeks


• Bike to Work Week Victoria

• Conservation Week

• European Mobility Week - September 16 to 22

• Bike Week - second week in June

• Green Office Week



Years

• International Polar Year - 1882–1883

• International Polar Year - 1932–1933

• World Population Year - 1974

• International Year of the Ocean (IYO) - 1998

• International Year of Mountains (IYM) - 2002

• International Year of Ecotourism (IYE) - 2002

• International Year of Freshwater (IYF) - 2003


A Green Environmental Tower - Dubai




The Dynamic Architecture building, which will be constantly in motion changing its shape, will be able to generate electric energy for itself as well as for other buildings.

Forty-eight wind turbines fitted between each rotating floors as well as the solar panels positioned on the roof of the building will produce energy from wind and the sunlight, with no risk of pollution. The total energy produced by this inbuilt powerhouse' every year will be worth approximately seven million dollars.

Each turbine can produce 0.3 megawatt of electricity, compared to 1-1.5 megawatt generated by a normal vertical turbine (windmill). Considering that Dubai gets 4,000 wind hours annually, the turbines incorporated into the building can generate 1,200,000 kilowatt-hour of energy.
As average annual power consumption of a family is estimated to be 24,000 kilowatt-hour, each turbine can supply energy for about 50 families. The Dynamic Architecture tower in Dubai will be having 200 apartments and hence four turbines can take care of their energy needs. The surplus clean energy produced by the remaining 44 turbines can light up the neighborhood of the building.
However, taking into consideration that the average wind speed in Dubai is of only 16 km/h the architects may need to double the number of turbines to light up the building to eight. Still there will be 40 free turbines, good enough to supply power for five skyscrapers of the same size.

The horizontal turbines of the Dynamic Architecture building are simply inserted between the floors, practically invisible. They neither need a pole nor a concrete foundation. In addition, they are at zero distance from the consumer, which makes maintenance easier.

The modern design of the building and the carbon fiber special shape of the wings take care of the acoustics issues. Producing that much electric energy without any implication on the aesthetic aspect of the building is a revolutionary step in tapping alternative energy sources. Furthermore, this energy will have a positive impact on the environment and economy.





WorldFirst ecoF3: A Chocolate-Powered Sustainable Race Car


Following the recent turmoil in Formula 1 arising from the high costs of running competitive motor racing teams, and doubts in sponsors’ minds over the commercial value of their involvement, the viability of motor racing is being critically questioned.


Therefore, the Warwick Innovative Manufacturing Research Centre (WIMRC), part of Warwick University, has unveiled a Formula 3 race car built using sustainable materials. The new WorldFirst racecar is a clever piece of lateral thinking.



It is the first Formula 3 racing car designed and made from sustainable and renewable materials, putting the world first by effectively managing the planet's resources. Its body is made of potatoes, the steering wheel is carrots, and the fuel is derived from chocolate.



Originally set up in October 2001, the WIMRC draws on the resources of several departments and applies design, technology and management research to challenging problems in the Vehicle and Healthcare sectors with a focus on sustainable development in two themes: Intelligent and Eco-Friendly Vehicles and Next Generation Healthcare.


The racer isn't legal to race in the F3-series as chocolate-based fuels aren't on the approved list of energy sources, but that's not the point. The WorldFirst team is trying to prove green-racing doesn't have to mean boring-racing.

They've used recycled materials in combination with fibers and extracts of fruits, vegetables and plants to create composites, materials and lubricants along the same vein as carbon fiber, plastics, and oil. It's based on the standard Lola chassis and despite the eco-friendliness, the car will still hit 145 MPH and corner like the real deal.








Monday, October 5, 2009

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT


Sustainable development has been defined as balancing the fulfillment of human needs with the protection of the natural environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but in the indefinite future. The term was used by the Brundtland Commission which coined what has become the most often-quoted definition of sustainable development as development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."

The field of sustainable development can be conceptually divided into four general dimensions: social, economic, environmental and institutional. The first three dimensions address key principles of sustainability, while the final dimension addresses key institutional policy and capacity issues.


Scheme of sustainable development: at the confluence of three preoccupations


THE PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

"Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs… As such it requires the promotion of values that encourage consumption standards that are within the bounds of the ecologically possible and to which all could reasonably aspire."

(Our Common Future, WCED, 1987)

In the late 1980's the concept "sustainable development" was introduced into the environmental debate as an expression of the interdependence between the three systems identified as basic to development: the economic system, the social system, and the biophysical system.

This interdependence is illustrated by figure1. The economy exists entirely within society, because all parts of the human economy require interaction among people. Society in turn, exists entirely within the biophysical system. Although human activity is re-shaping the environment at an ever-increasing rate, society and its economic systems can never exist independent of the biophysical environment.

The most common way of illustrating sustainable development is the "three spheres/pillars" diagram (figure 2). True sustainable development is then development that meets the "triple bottom line" where all three systems interact on an equal basis. This model can be useful in showing where the interrelationships exist; for example, the interrelated activities that lie within the biophysical and socio-economic domains.



Figure 1: The interdependence model



Figure 2: The spheres of sustainable development


To achieve a harmonious relationship between these "spheres" of development certain principles have to be followed within each sphere. A set of universal principles has been identified through international consensus. To this principles specific to the development priorities of South Africa and those of the Southern African Development Community have been added.